Laurie Baker / Mud

Laurence Wilfred "Laurie" Baker (2 March 1917 – 1 April 2007) was a British-born Indian architect, renowned for his initiatives in cost-effective energy-efficient architecture and for his unique space utilisation and simple but aesthetic sensibility. Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, he sought to incorporate simple designs with local materials and achieved fame with his approach to sustainable architecture as well as in organic architecture. He has been called the "Gandhi of architecture".[1]
He moved to India in 1945 in part as an architect associated with a leprosy mission and continued to live and work in India for over 50 years. He became an Indian citizen in 1989 and resided in Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), Kerala from 1963 and founded an organization called COSTFORD (Centre of Science and Technology for Rural Development) to spread awareness in low-cost housing.
In 1990, the Government of India awarded him with the Padma Shri in recognition of his meritorious service in the field of architecture. (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Baker)


Mitzpe Ramon - Early photos from Israel's National Photo Collection

1957 - Mitzpe Ramon, new town in the Negev

1958 - Mitzpe Ramon, new town in the Negev. each home, built by SOLEL BONEH, has its own water tank

1962 - Young family, Mitzpe Ramon

1962 - Children in Mitzpe Ramon

1962 - Mitzpe Ramon

1962 - Mitzpe Ramon

1963 - Mitzpe Ramon

1964 - Mitzpe Ramon

1964 - Mitzpe Ramon, arrival of a group of new immigrants from Morocco 

1964 - Primitive dwelling once used by bedouins, built with loose stone closing natural cave , Mitzpe Ramon
State of Israel National Collection